TEMPERATURE CHANGED OVER INDONESIA BASED ON SEVERAL CLIMATE MODELS ANALYSES
Peneliti :Sinta Berliana Sipayung
Recently, the temperature changed has become one of the most serious problem over the world, especially over Indonesia. The increasing of sea surface temperature (SST) has already reached over Indonesia.
The increasing of green house gases also has already investigated. This study is mainly concerned to analyze the temperature changed over several cities over Indonesia, such as Aceh, Kupang and Pontianak, respectively for one hundred years observations based on several climate models (1900-2000) analyses. The result shows that for Aceh, the surface temperature increases of about 1.90C or 8% (CGCM), and 2.10C or 2% (CSIRO), respectively. While for Pontianak and Kupang, their temperature decreases of about -0.30C or 0.5% (CGCM) -0.30C or 1.1% (CSIRO), and – 0.10C or 0.2% (CGCM), -0.20C or 0.6% (CSIRO), respectively. Based on the increasing of CO2 globally, we can mention here that Aceh city relatively is more affected by the global warming than Kupang and Pontianak cities, especially from 1800 to 2000. We need more locations to get better understanding effects of global warming over Indonesian Maritime Continent in next future. The other is, not only the annual temperature changed information is needed, the daily of temperature changed information is also important to be investigated.
Keywords : temperature changed, CGCM, and CSIRO model